The Supreme Court lined on 24th January that any private school in Delhi operating on land allotted by DDA i.e. Delhi development Authority had to seize the authorization of the Delhi government before hiking the fees. The court also statements that if they did not desire to obtain permission, the schools could ‘return the land to government’.
This judgment came after a yearlong scuffle where an association of private schools challenged an analogous decision made by the Delhi High Court. This decision desires to be seen in the light of abundant protests by parents of children learning in private schools, who criticize of extreme and illogical fee hikes by schools. These objections are not restricted to Delhi alone as a research shows that analogous protests have taken place in Hyderabad, Mumbai, Chennai, Pune, Chandigarh and Bengaluru, almost in all major cities in India.
Private schools argue that these objections happen because parents desire to propel their children to high-end schools but do not hope to pay the cost it necessitates. Nevertheless, a report in 2015 suggests that the costs of private school education in the last decade have augmented at a pace faster than incomes, showing a 150 percent ramble between 2005 and 2015.
The reports show that the cost of educating a child in a private school has mounted from Rs 55000 in 2005 to Rs 1, 25, 000 per annum. Under stress from protests by parents or beneath order from courts, many state governments have endeavored to regulate the fees of private schools and outstanding among them is Tamil Nadu which approved a fee regulation Act in 2009 setting up district level fee regulation committees that fix the fees for private schools for periods of three years. Karnataka, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Telangana are the diverse stages of endorsing and executing fee regulation legislations.
Despite the fact that such laws in the states revealed above and the Supreme Court judgment may convey reprieve to parents, it does elevate a few legitimate questions such as Why should the government, which has been not capable to offer high quality education in its own schools have the right to control those schools which are more successful at providing it? Furthermore, if a school wishes to offer additional facilities to their students and parents are enthusiastic to pay for it, why should a government intercede?
If parents are generating an alternative to propel their children to private schools should they not opt a school they can afford? Is it mere populism by the governments when they attempt to regulate fees? Private schools have stalwartly opposed any efforts at regulation and have argued that such attempts would inferior the standards of education by forcing the schools to slash cost. Another query that needs to be asked is whether schools or any other educational institutions should be permitted to compose profits out of the running of the school.
After all, it is argued what would be the incentive of running private enterprise if no profit could be made? However, as per the recent legal framework, educational institutions are supposed to run as nonprofit charitable organizations. This issue has been the subject of much litigation and however, three chief judgments that are TMA foundation versus the State of Karnataka in 2002, Islamic Academy of Education versus the State of Karnataka in 2003 and Modern School versus the Union of India in 2004 have all upheld three principles. One that educational institutions should be permitted to craft reasonable surplus, two, that this surplus should be utilized for the growth and better facilities of said institutions and finally, that this surplus should be used for the expansion and better facilities of known institution and in conclusion, that this excess could not be used for profiteering by the school organization.
These were the principles used by the Delhi government when it attempted fee regulation of schools on DDA land in 2016. There was no limit lay down on the fees a school could charge nor did the government fix and decide the fees of any school. The school was gratis free to set the fee structure in consonance with the amenities supplied by them, the government would purely verify the accounts to make convinced that money being taken from the parents was being utilized rightfully depleted on the children and the school.
On the other hand, the results of this verification of accounts were nonentity less than upsetting as schools were found to drawing off of money from school and illegally repositioning it to their parent society , one school had bought a seven acre farmhouse outer Delhi in the name of the school management, another school had bought a flat , one of the schools was found alleging ICT fees but had no ICT facilities and numerous schools were found to have funds in crores but were tranquil hiking fees annually. This was not inexpensive surplus this as clearly exploiting and financial misconducts being conceded out under the shroud of autonomy of private schools.
The problem of a sharp divergence between demand and supply of schools had happened because the government has not been able to fulfill its responsibilities of offering high-quality education and at the equivalent time regulation and labors at precision should persist, governments across the country necessitate to haul up their socks and perk up public schools , we should consider that if high-quality education is obtainable free of cost why would anyone reimburse exorbitant fees for the similar deed.