There is no doubt that every parent wants their children to choose Engineering or Medical courses, but what if we tell you that more than 60% of the engineers across the country remain unemployed. According to the All India Council for Technical Education, more than 60% of the eight lakh engineers graduating from the technical institutions every year across the country remain without a job. These figures create the perspective of potential loss of 20 lakh man-days annually. Adding up on it, the engineering students participating in the summer internships are also less than 1% which is really a bad number. And only 15% of engineering programs are offered by over 3,200 institutions accredited by the National Board of Accreditation (NBA).
The Unemployment rate varies through various points to the standards of the technical education institutions like from the student is graduated from or work experience. To end this trend of unawareness and recklessness, the ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) is planning to bring some major changes in the India’s technical education. The ministry is going to introduce the single National Entrance Exam for getting admissions into various technical institutions from January 2018. There could be linking of annual teacher training must for the approval of the institution and compulsory induction training to students and annual revision of a set of courses.
According to the senior Ministry of Human and Resource Development (MHRD) official, NEETI (for admission to engineering programs) is going to be the first exam conducted by the National Testing Service (NTS) that will be wholly computer-based. The official of MHRD said, “In all probability, NTS will be ready by January 2018 to conduct the NEETI as well as National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) for medical courses. The exams will be conducted multiple times in a year.”
As per the plans of MHRD, the first NEETI exam is likely to be scheduled for December 2017-18, second by one March 2018 and third during May next year. The official also informed that NTS will also conduct entrance tests of IIT. The exam paper will be set up by the IITs like every year. But the exam conduction will be handled by NTS now. The All Indian Council for Technical Education (AICTE), under Ministry of Human and Resource Development, has also set the objectives to raise the standards of the technical education. These objectives include immediate improvement of employability to 60% from 40% and to make sure those 75% students gets industry exposure through the summer internships in various industries according to their interest and expertise. Now, the ministry sets the target of achieving 50% of the programs in the technical institutions must be accredited by the NBA. If they failed to progress credible annually, the approval of the institution will be canceled. The process of selection will be based on the single entrance test through the agency authorized by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and there will be a ban on any such institutions or university or agency that conducts such exams, according to the planned proposal of the AICTE.
From now, all the technical institutions will have to make important changes every year in the curriculum and the process shall be completed in December each year in advance of the coming academic year. The AICTE has asked the institutions to make an action plan to implement all these initiatives and alongside with financial implications before the next year June.