PIL Against Animal Slaughter New Rule

A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) request has been recorded in the Madras High Court Bench in Madurai testing the Constitutional legitimacy of Rules 22 (b) (iii) and 22 (e) of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Regulations of Livestock Markets) Rules 2017 informed by the Center on May 23 banning the sale of cattle for butcher in animal markets. The division bench of Justices M V Muralidharan and C V Karthikeyan concurred to hear the case on Tuesday afternoon after allowing to the request Senior Counsel M Ajmal Khan for an urgent hearing.

They have directed the central government’s Counsel K R Laxman to ensure the presence of Assistant Solicitor General G R Swaminathan at the time of hearing (2.15 pm). The activist based lawyer, S Selvagomathy, had filed the petition for the reasons that the legal rules were repulsive to the Parent Act itself since of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (PCA) Act of 1916 stating out states that it shall not be a crime to kill any animal in a manner necessary by the religion of any community. While talking about the PCA Act permits the slaughter of any animal as well as the sale of animals for slaughter, the petitioner said that the Central Government has no right to extend its rulemaking power in which they can ban the sale of animals in a market for the reason of slaughter.

She also challenged that the new rules cause offense to the right to freedom of religion guaranteed under Article 25 and the safety of concern of minorities under Article 29 of the constitution. The petitioner also added that slaughtering animals for food and offering sacrifice in religious places had been an essential part of the cultural uniqueness of the communities of our country. According to the petitioner, the ban on the sales of cattle for slaughtering in animal markets has an effect of interfering with the right to practice any profession or to carry on any profession, trade or business as guaranteed under Article 19 (1) (g) of the Indian constitution. Ms. Selvagomathy said that the constitutional rules of banning of sales of cattle for slaughter amounted to extreme control and not a sensible restriction forced on the right to trade.

She added that the farmers or traders involved in the profession of sale of cattle, slaughter house owners and their employees would leave without their source of revenue as the rules define the term ‘animal market’ to be a marketplace or sale yard or any other premises or place in which animals were brought from other places and provided for sale or auction. The definition also means that any abattoir neighboring a market or a slaughterhouse and used in connection with it and any place adjoining a market is used as a parking area by the visitors to the market for parking vehicles and includes animal fair and cattle pound where animals were exhibited for sale or auction. “Therefore, by the impugned regulations, a complete ban has been imposed on the trade of sale or purchase of animals defined as cattle and it is in violation of the right to livelihood under Article 21 of the Constitution,” she claimed.

The petitioner said, “The right to choice of food (nonvegetarian or vegetarian) is a part of the right to personal liberty, conscience, and privacy. By imposing a ban on the slaughter of animals for food, the citizens with a choice to eat the flesh of such animals would be deprived of such food and it violates the right to food, privacy, and personal liberty.”  While talking about the seventh schedule to the Constitution, the petitioner said that the issues concerning fairs, markets and the preservation or protection and improvement of livestock fall within entry 28 and 15 of the State list and therefore only the State legislature are empowered to enact laws. The central government has no rights in enacting laws and making constitutional rules on those issues.

This is How Pakistan Can Beat India in ICC Champions Trophy: Speaks Legend

Younis Khan, the former Pakistan cricket team player believes that the team lead by  Sarfraz Ahmed has the ability to beat Indian cricket team in upcoming  high voltage ICC Champions Trophy which is going to happen  on June 4 at Edgbaston.

Younis khan said,”  Pakistan team  has the ability to beat India in ICC Champions Trophy because Pakistan has outperformed India in the past.” He added,” In my opinion pitches look good and these are good enough to chase even 400 runs in the ICC Champions Trophy.”

While Pakistan hold the lead of  2-1 over their rivals and its neighbours in the ICC Champions Trophy and also India have won 10 out of the 11 match at the  World T20 tournaments and World Cup championship.

The 39 years old Younis khan also added that  In the upcoming Champions Trophy , the main key to Pakistan’s success would be their fielding and that is  what the team  need to concentrate more in addition to batting and bowling.

The former Pakistan skipper said,” In modern cricket, fielding is the main key of success for winning ODI and T20 Cricket and Pakistan team must have to focus on fielding to grab every opportunity and win the match.”

The right handed batsman who announced his retirement from  his international career, also pinned hope on Sarfraz to take the Pakistani cricket team forward. He said, ”  Sarfraz Ahmed has the great chance to lead his side well and take Pakistan cricket forward and all this will depend on, how he leads the Pakistani cricket team.”

The “Men in blue” the members of  Indian cricket team , who won the desired title in 2013 could not found a better opponent than all time arch rivals “Pakistan” to begin the championship in England and Wales, said ANI reports.

13 Killed And 24 Injured in Bomb Blast In Baghdad, ISI Responsible

Today, Just after the midnight, a car bomb exploded outside a popular ice cream shop in central Baghdad which killed around 13 people and nearly  24 peoples are badly injured, the police officials said. While, the Islamic State militant group claimed the responsibility for the attack, which Iraq officials said involved remotely detonated explosives inside a parked car. The officials spoke on the condition of anonymity in line with regulations.

The attack took when Muslims fast during daylight hours into the days of the holy month of Ramadan. During these day after sunset the muslim families break their fast therefore Baghdad’s restaurants and cafes are filled up during the incident. Social media videos  showed  disordered scenes on the streets into the areas surrounding the blast. There were number of injured persons lay on the ground  and others propped themselves up on the colorful park benches outside the ice cream parlour. One young girl who is  wearing a ribbon and bow in her hair wandering the area unconsciously.

Last year at the end of Ramadan month,  Baghdad was rocked by a huge truck bomb attack and that accident mainly  targeted city’s  popular retail district where young people and families were shopping for new clothes for ramadan celebration, ahead of holiday. Since, Saddam Hussein was toppled in 2003, the blast killed hundreds of peoples in the single deadliest event in Baghdad and the IS group claimed responsibility for that bombing,  ultimately which led to the resignation of Iraq’s interior minister.

Today’s attack happened because Iraqi officials  are pushing IS fighters out of their last strongholds from the northern city of Mosul. Iraqi commanders, which recently entered into its eighth month of service, say the offensive will mark the end of the IS to the person who ruled an area in Iraq, but concede the group will likely increase person fighting against a government ,  attacks in the wake of military defeats.

Court To Frame Charges Against Advani, Uma Bharti & Joshi in Babri Mazjid Case

The senior Bharatiya Janata Party leaders like Murli Manohar Joshi, L K Advani, and Uma Bharti will appear before a special CBI court for framing of charges in the alleged role in Babri Masjid demolition case on Tuesday. The special CBI judge S K Yadav had also asked BJP leader Vinay Katiyar, VHP’s Vishnu Hari Dalmia and firebrand Hindutva preacher Sadhvi Ritambara to present themselves before the court personally as well.

Before the court appearance, Uma Bharti said today, “It was an open protest, as it was during the time of emergency. What conspiracy was there in it I don’t know? It is the matter of God and in such a case I can only have expectations from him. Since I have taken part in it with devotion, I don’t consider myself as a criminal.” While directing the accused to present them physically, the judge had also said no application for adjournment from personal appearance shall be heard. The court is hearing two different cases linking to the demolition of the Babri Masjid in which Mahant Nritya Gopal Das, Mahant Ram Vilas Vedanti, Baikunth Lal Sharma alias Prem Ji, Champat Rai Bansal, Mahant Dharma Das and Satish Pradhan also be charged with frame against them in the second matter.

On April 19, the Supreme Court had ordered the prosecution of BJP stalwarts Advani (89), Joshi (83) and Bharti (58), and some other accused in the criminal conspiracy in the politically sensitive case. The top court had asked to conduct a day-to-day hearing, frame fresh charges within a month, and conclude the case in two years. The apex court had called the destruction of the Babri Masjid a “crime” that affected the “secular fabric of the constitution” and gave permission to the CBI’s plea of looking for reinstatement of criminal conspiracy against the four BJP leaders.

On the other hand, the Supreme Court said that the BJP leader Kalyan Singh, who is the Rajasthan governor and who was the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh when the disputed structure was demolished, has the immunity under the Constitution as long as he holds the administrative office. The case had been transferred against Murli Manohar Joshi, L K Advani, Uma Bharti and three other accused from a Raebareli court to Lucknow for a joint trial in the controversial destruction case. The top court had also criticized CBI for the delay of 25 years in the trial.

No Bilateral Series With Pakistan Cricket Team: Sports Minister Vijay Goel

The Minister of Sports, Vijay Goel, has made it clear the stand of India on the possibility of playing bilateral series with Pakistan in the future by saying “cricket and terrorism can’t go hand-in-hand”. However, the true cricket fans could enjoy the match between India and Pakistan at the ICC Champions Trophy in England next month at Edgbaston, Birmingham on June 4.

In the last some years, the cricket boards of both the countries tried multiple efforts to organize a cricket series between India and Pakistan, but due to political tensions, it never happened in reality. The Board of Cricket for Cricket in India (BCCI) and Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) officials are scheduled to meet in Dubai on Monday (today) in order to discuss about the MoU signed between the two countries for bilateral series, but now it looks like that after the comments of Goel, it looks unsure about the future series between both the countries. Goel told reporters, “India and Pakistan can’t play a bilateral series till the terror from Pakistan remains. BCCI should speak to the government before giving any proposal to Pakistan. I have made it clear that bilateral series with Pakistan is not possible till the time there is no cross-border terror. We have, however, no say on multilateral events (ICC tournaments).

As per the ICC Future Tours Programme, the Indian Cricket team is scheduled to play a bilateral series with Pakistan later this year, but differences from across the border had lessened the chances of both the teams playing any bilateral series. The BCCI and PCB signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to play six bilateral series between 2015 and 2023. At the start of this month, the PCB sent a legal notice to BCCI and claimed the damages worth USD 60 million (approx 387 crores) for not obeying the signed MoU.

However, the Dubai’s meeting is going to be represented by BCCI’s acting secretary Amitabh Choudhary and PCB’s chairman Shaharyar Khan and legal representatives. The BCCI’s acting secretary Choudhary said, “We still remain committed to playing, but the position doesn’t change: the series cannot go ahead without the permission of the government of India. After PCB wrote to us, we have written to the government of India again, and are awaiting the response. I believe the dialogue should go on, which is why we are meeting.” The sports minister’s comment has made it clear that the chances of bilateral series between India and Pakistan look unworkable.

Death Toll Rises by Landslide and Flood Rises in Sri Lanka: Situation Worsen

On Saturday, landslides and Floods in southern and western regions have of Sri Lanka has killed at least 122 people and damaged more than 1,700 homes. According to the country’s Disaster Management Centre (DMC) at least 40 people  have been hospitalised and ninety seven people were reported missing and over 400,000 people have been displaced after heavy rain on Friday. 

On Monday, Rescuers in Sri Lanka, pulled out more bodies buried in the mudslides which is triggered by the country’s worst and violent rainfall  in last 14 years, taking the death toll to 164. Meanwhile, the Disaster Management Centre said still 104 people are missing while 88 are in hospital. On Thursday night Sri Lanka experienced  incessant rains and have driven nearly half a million people homes are destroyed in the southern and western regions.
Al Jazeera’s Minelle Fernandez, reporting from the southern town of Agalawatte, said, ” Thousands of peoples are displaced and are trying to come out of the situation, what has happened with this huge deluge of water. This has taken everyone to surprise because there are some places that has received one year’s supply of year in just 24 years.”

In Agalawatte which is around 100 km south of Colombo, rescuers pulled at least 11 bodies out from the mudslide, while one person was found alive who was buried under mudslide.
A man told local media,” it has been nearly 15-18 years since we have had so much water, this landslide left people helpless.” A woman said, “our kitchen stuff floated off in rain water and we were moving things from 2 am but our roof shades were blown away.”

Police said that MI-17 from  Sri Lankan Air Force helicopter crashed down carrying relief aid for the victims in the southern Galle district,  this hit 14 districts by flash floods and earth slips in the monsoonal rains causing landslide while carrying out relief operation in that area.
Sri Lankan president Maithripala Sirisena called,  Squadron Leader Bhanuka Delgoda, the pilot of the MI-17, and congratulate him for his bravery. The  police said, ” The pilot lost his control of the helicopter due to bad weather and crashed into the woods.”

On Saturday, 37 years old,  Y M S Yasaratne and MI-17 airman died while conducting the relief operations in the Galle district. Police said, in next two days more rains are expected in the next two days as in the east central Bay of Bengal a cyclonic storm ‘MORA’ is moving which is away from the island. Flood waters badly affected districts of Ratnapura and Kalutara and the authorities said that the cleaning operations could take about a week. 412 houses were fully damaged while more than 4,200 houses were  suffering from partial damage. Around 471,000 people displaced from their place while over 75,000 people are currently being housed in over 330 temporary relief accommodation.

India send emergency relief to Sri Lanka and following India many more countries have started  providing relief operation to the flood victims. Soon, the relief is  to be dispatched by flight, that include tents, blankets, sheets, rain boots and life jackets etc. While China is going to donate relief items worth of $ 2.2 million. India’s first relief ship, INS Kirch reached Colombo on Saturday. While, India’s second relief ship worth 40 tonnes of relief materials on board INS Shardul arrived at colombo port on Sunday. It included rice, atta, dal, sugar, blankets, bed sheets, durries, rain coats, biscuits, milk etc. Board also has nearly 200 persons including specialised rescue team, medical and driving team.

While third of relief fund from india with additional relief materials is expected to reach Colombo very soon by INS Jalashwa. Chinese president Xi Jinping along with premier Li Keqiang sent condolence messages to  Sri Lanka’s president Sirisena and prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe on the loss of lives and property by this heavy landslides and flood caused by rain. Officials had said,” This flood is worst than May 2003 when 250 people were killed and 10,000 houses were destroyed when a powerful Southwest monsoon.” Sri Lanka, has been heavily deforested for cash crops, often witnesses landslides during the monsoon season.

Plenty of Students Got Perfect Score, in CBSE Class 12th, Reform Assessment

As the results of class 12 were announced on Sunday, many of the students got 100 out of 100 scores, including in subjects like English and History. Isn’t this really bizarre to even think that students have to pursue 100 out of 100 marks in the race of numbers to get admission into any good University like DU? The all-India topper, Raksha Gopal, scored 99.6% in all five subjects and missed a 100 percent score just by two marks. She scored 99% in history and psychology, but 100% in all other subjects, including English.

The results are publicized after 5 days the Board’s attempt to end the policy of moderation marks to bring some good sense in the exam scores, but it was heavyhearted by the Delhi High Court. Achieving high marks in the 12th board exams help the students in getting admission into good universities like Delhi University as many of the top-scoring students will compete for not many good options for undergraduate courses. For most of the popular courses in the best colleges, the cutoffs are mostly reserved above 95% and the seats fill up fast as well. If you remember the famous incident of 2011 in which the Shri Ram College of Commerce was a very first to ask for 100% in a definite four-subject combination for admission to B.Com (Hons), causing mass anger over it. Even two students made to the cutoff as well.

In this mad race of getting the best marks, no student really knows that how good is good for them to get admission in the best colleges. To change this aged trend, the CBSE board along with state boards, decided in April to drop the policy of moderation in which a student is given extra marks in subjects believed as difficult or there were some variations in the question paper. The board also established that giving such marks in excess leads an increase in the overall scores and it becomes the reason for the colleges in accelerating the cutoffs. In the last week, the High Court has directed the CBSE to put into effect moderation, even though the board challenges the decision in Supreme Court, the difference of inflated marks cannot be set right until the CBSE reviews its own estimate process.

According to the Hindustan Times, Neha Pushkarna analyzed CBSE results to seek that whereas the number of the students appearing for the Class 12 board exams went up by 64% between 2009 and 2014, the number of scoring 95% or more hopped by 780%. The fact is that the CBSE never moderated marks over 95%. As per a data-based digital interactive released by the Hindustan Times on Saturdays, it explains that a student who’s scoring 88% in class 10 boards in 2015 would have scored 78% a decade ago. It will not be virtuous to blame only moderation policy for these pumped up scores. As per the Pushkarna report, long answer type questions were reduced by the CBSE with objective-type questions. The students just need to tick the right option and they could score full marks as well if they had got all of them right.

One could digest students scoring 100 out of 100 in subjects like maths, accountancy, and physics, but now students can even score full marks in history and English as well. Isn’t this really strange? The CBSE has over 18,000 schools affiliated to it across the country and more than a million students appear for the exams of Class 10 every year. On the other hand, the results of these exams decide the future of many students and that’s why the system needs to more logical than profitable for students as well. Through pumped up marks, it makes a wrong sense of academic excellence among students as they’re actually obtaining marks that are not in their hands but in the hands of the board. This also fuels a bizarre race that’s going from a long time in Indian education.

By the end of the practice of moderation policy, we can expect some change in the CBSE for the betterment and it will also make marking pattern more practical. You can only expect a big change when the assessment system is renovated. It will not only help in improving the Indian education system but also will lessen the unneeded marks race in the country among students. This will help the various boards in getting real results and the fight for the top will be less flooded as well.

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