Speaking at the opening ceremony of the week-long Congress of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping, the Premier of the Party and the People’s Leader, since 2012 laid down a detailed vision to move China forward with its agenda of reform and revolutionising the Chinese society.
The predecessor of Xi, Hu Jintao, was never given the honour of being the Premier of the CPC. The 5-yearly CPCC, commenced from yesterday, where Xi Jinping laid down a detailed agenda touching the political outlook, foreign policy, military upgrades, and social policy framework. The CPCC will also look into amending the Chinese Constitution on the line of thought of Xi, which ranks high on their agenda.
The Xi factor is remarkable for only two reasons, namely, the first, Xi just like Mao wields a deep support from the military of the country, and the second, the corruption crusade has led him to gain popularity among the masses and has kept him as one of the most power wielding leaders since Mao.
This brings us to analyse what the CPCC is about to work upon and what will be possible outcomes of the same for India and the world.
Xi has tried to prepare a road-map for the economy, and make China one of the most powerful economies by 2035. Xi has also outlined primarily on the touchstones of the foreign policy and the has denied all the accusations of being expansionist in its aggressive display of military might overseas.
Addressing the border disputes as well he has clarified that the Chinese outlook will be to address all concerns peacefully and will in-limine be guided by the ‘Panchsheel Principles’ of peaceful co-existence.
Chinese economy had taken a dip, and since then they have initiated moves aimed at building their markets. Xi has been focusing on the Belt and Road Initiative to strengthen the over-industrialised economy by providing easy access to Chinese products into other economies.
The Xi programme also focuses on strengthening the military, furthermore he acknowledged the PLA ability to undertake roles in combat by conducting real-time war exercises and creating new specialised forces. He has also focussed on a complete arms overhaul of the PLA by 2022, which will provide the ability to the world’s largest standing army avenues to assume greater roles in the global security avenue.
The sea troubles have not done any rounds and the Premier has asserted that the Chinese will never claim what is not rightfully theirs. This is a silent talk of the strong stands taken by the dragon in the recent times over tracts of land and sea patches, by creation of artificial islands and patrolling.
The Premier has also declared that no dissent will be tolerated and the internal security threats will be dealt with a heavy hand.
These measures are an open letter to the world to the dragon demanding the world to allow it to take the leaps it wishes while not disturbing others. India needs to acknowledge that the dragon is aware of the military might which has come with experience to our men in uniform. The strong and decisive leadership at the Centre has also made Xi think about its neighbourhood with a perspective which takes a de-tour from the past.
Xi has aimed at strengthening his position at home as well as globally by creating a new narrative for the foreign policy which has to usher in an era of Chinese leadership.
India may take its agenda ahead and focus on its programmes while the dragon changes its course, and through mutual collaboration the nations may benefit each other considerably. The recent experience has been a way forward where the dragon has tried to cosy up to the tiger by acceding to its demands (OBOR) or maintaining status quo (Doklam) over disputes, while avoiding escalation.