Reservations for SC, ST and OBC Teachers will be Reduced if UGC's new formula got Implemented

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The Allahabad University took a major step towards the change if the HRD Ministry decides to accept the University Grants Commission’s (UGC) new formula for implementing reservation in teaching posts, then the number of faculty on university campuses could shrink mainly of SC, ST and OBC categories.

As previously, it has been decided that the number of reserved faculties can be shrink as per the posts, and it shall be calculated department-wise and not based on the aggregate posts in a university, as per UGC.

As per P S Krishnan, former secretary to the central government and an expert on the subject said that the proposed change could result in fewer positions for SCs, STs and OBCs.

The court held that reservation in teaching posts has to be applied department-wise also in the Banaras Hindu University, as it will help in treating the department as a “unit”. So in April, the Allahabad High Court put forward the response. As per the, hearing a case on teachers’ recruitment.

The Allahadbad High Court had observed in its verdict that cancelled the BHU recruitment and asked it to start afresh, as this thing again can be violative of Article 14 and 16 of the Constitution,”  The court criticised UGC for applying reservation in a “blanket manner” and advised the regulator to revisit its implementation. “If the University is taken as a ‘Unit’ for every level of teaching and applying the roster, it could result in some departments/subjects having all reserved candidates and some having only unreserved candidates.

Such a proposition again would be discriminatory and unreasonable. The UGC’s Standing Committee examined 10 court judgments on the subject and recommended that the Allahabad High Court’s verdict should be applied to all universities.

The change will be notified through an executive order after the government’s nod, said sources in the Commission.As till now the steps has been taken by the UGC, as on their part they have shared this decision with the HRD Ministry and is waiting for its “concurrence”.

As per official data, 5,997 are vacant as of April 1, 2017, and there are 17,106 teaching positions at 41 UGC-funded central universities, By calculation, we can say that there are 35% vacant teaching positions are there. Out of all the vacant faculty post:

  • The maximum seats for assistant professor level are (2,457)
  • The seats for the post of associate professor (2,217)
  • And for professor are (1,098)

Any change in the implementation of reservation will affect all new recruitment drives taken up by universities in future for sure and these things can also lead to some strikes or violence, So the higher education regulator has been writing regularly to all institutions to fill faculty positions on priority.

Under the formula proposed by UGC the number of reserved teaching posts in universities will be “much fewer” According to Krishnan.

All posts of the same grade, such as assistant professor, across different departments in a university are grouped or clubbed together to calculate the reserved quota.  And currently, the number of SC, ST, OBC faculty positions are calculated by treating the university as a “unit”.  This means the number of reserved posts at the level of each department, will be determined separately, it may include even an Assistant professor; calculation will be based on the total assistant professor posts in each department.

For an instance, “if there are if a department has only one professor, there can be no reserved posts there as reservation cannot be applied in case of a single post. On the other hand, if all posts of professors across different departments are merged together, then for sure there is a better chance of positions being set aside for SC, ST and OBC,” said Krishnan, who has worked in the field of social justice for SCs, STs and OBCs for more than six-and-a-half decades.

He further added saying that “If our main motive is to strengthen India by giving opportunities to persons belonging to the submerged populations, which to a very extent is correct and it will be right to give them opportunity who have become qualified, then we should interpret rules or make rules to enable them to come in due numbers. Our goal is to weaken India then we can interpret rules in a manner, which defeats the goal of reservation,” he said.

So the main focus here is only on the new formula implemented by UGC is to accepted, a reservation for treating each department in a university as a “unit”.

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