Gujarat Elections: Congress and BJP leading a two Horse race, no room for third party

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On Monday, Vandana Patel, Women’s Wing chief, formerly of the BJP, joined the Congress, routinely accusing the BJP on the various account and not the AAP (Aam Admi Party), In Gujrat, the AAP suffered a jerk by her words, she on a regular basis has been accusing the matter, She with her words made it very clear that no third political party in the western state has survived for long after a two-party system emerged in 1995. With the number of 11 candidates, has announced that the Arvind Kejriwal-led party (AAP)  is trying to make a splash in Gujarat.

Over the last 22 years a two-party system has been successfully working along with the saffron sisters of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, having 182 Vidhan Sabha seats, till now.

The BJP and the Congress every five years, the neighbouring Rajasthan alternates they between them found their way Kerala alternates the Left Front and the Congress. And for this reason, the state has not seen the rise of a Third Front and the number of candidates in the Gujarat Assembly elections has also remained restrained since 1995 the emergence of the BJP is the only alternative to the Congress.

Since the first Assembly elections in 1962, on an average, each constituency has seen not more than 10 candidates. When the number of candidates soared, except in 1990 and 1995, Gujarat has generally been content with fewer candidates:

  • 1962 (500)
  • 1967 (599)
  • 1972 (852)
  • 1975 (834)
  • 1980 (974)
  • 1985 (1137)
  • 1990 (1889)
  • 1995 (2545)
  • 1998 (1125)
  • 2002 (963)
  • 2007 (1180)
  • 2012 (1666)

Previously efforts have been put by them to make the changes, But all resulted in vain. It is not like that the ambitious and the spurned politicians have not tried to float a third party. For example, In 1996 Rashtriya Janata Party (RJP), was formed by BJP rebel Shankarsinh Vaghela but won only four Assembly seats in 1998, as people over there didn’t support the new party and after that, they merge there outfit with the Congress, with whose support he ran a short-lived government.

Even now, Vaghela’s Jan Vikalp Party is a tall leader, but, despite his resourceful and colourful persona, he seemed overrated in his own outfits. He on the symbol of a Rajasthan-based All-India Hindustani Congress is seen as an also-ran, having failed to attract popular attention at the same time.

In the same way, Keshubhai Patel’s former BJP Chief Minister, Gujarat Parivartan Party (GPP), largely a Patidar outfit, contested all 182 seats in 2012, won only two, and later merged with the BJP. So the efforts has been made but the result was not fruitful, the BSP, too, has unsuccessfully contested many or all seats but has drawn a blank.

Some other “national” parties, including the Samajwadi Party of Mulayam Singh Yadav, have also made poll-time noises only to disappear soon after. A few Independents, too, often win, but they quickly become an unofficial part of the ruling party. Parties include the NCP and Janata Dal, have mostly been content with winning a seat or two in Gujarat, which gives them the status of a “national” party.

At a time when its rivals were the Jan Sangh, the Ram Rajya Parishad and the Socialist Party in 1962, the Congress cornered over 50% votes. Another important outfit, the emergence of Swatantra Party, briefly appeared on the political scene but most of its principal supporters, the Patidars, gradually migrated into the other parties and finally to the BJP.

In 1995, the Janata Dal government, led by Chimanbhai Patel from 1990 to 1995, failed to win a single seat and also lost deposits in 109 of the 116 seats it contested and the Gujarati voters swept away completely the previous ruling party.

So the two-horse race to power is the BJP and the Congress, the only parties that remained in the fray since. These two-party has already put a trend in Gujarat.

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