Chinese Mediation Between Myanmar and Bangladesh: Future of Rohingya


With the global fraternity in dismay over Aung San Suu Kyi’s stand on the purging carried on by the military in the Rakhine of Myanmar, has led o several regional immigration issues. Not that the neighbouring countries like India and Bangladesh were not aware of the crisis, but there is considerable lack of consensus in engaging Myanmar on the issue.

The violence that spread in Rakhine province of Myanmar, was addressed by India which urged the Myanmarese authorities to suspend the hostilities and resume a dialogue process to end the violence. Meanwhile the Myanmarese stood for protecting their boundaries from terrorism and violence being perpetrated by the illegal immigrants crossing over from Bangladesh.

The efflux of war affected people from Myanmar has raised substantial burden on India and Bangladesh, who have only one resort to put forward that the Rohingya turn out to be a burden on their resources. Also, apart from this the governments have pleaded that the Rohingya are a threat to the regional security. This was also the stand taken by the Indian government in the Supreme Court.

The Indian government also assured aid and business to Bangladesh to accommodate the Rohingya on its soil. This was given a green signal when the Sheikh Hasina led government provided assistance to the immigrants.

Thus, now we have seen the Chinese Foreign Minister, trying to resolve the deadlock, while he was in Nyapitaw, attending the Asian-European Foreign Ministers summit.

The Chinese minister, Wang Yi has laid down a 3 phase programme to resolve the Rakhine. While Suu Kyi has asserted that it is not just her nation that is witnessing the troubles, but the entire world whereby there is a rise in illegal immigrants. The illegal immigrants are athreat to peace and security, while at the same time they tend to alter the regional demographics and destabilise the civil administration.

The Chinese on their part have requested the Myanmar authorities to end all violence immediately and put all the end to any violence. The second course will be to allow them to come back to their homelands and rehabilitate them. The third step remains to mainstream them by a deep engaging process and give them rights and train them to suit the interests of the nation.

While Suu Kyi has held reservations about the programme, there has been a stand that simply puts in the tag of illegal immigration and national security to the fore. On its part, India has provided humanitarian assistance of all kids to Bangladesh to be provided to the Rohingya, and as for now India is not deporting any Rohingya but is promoting national assimilation through integration.

The Chinese strategy may not do well as there are deep issue and reservations in the Buddhist majority nation where the Rohingya Muslims are perceived as a threat. The Rohingya have also not given any signs in the past that showed their willingness to integrate in the mainstream, and their defiance of state’s authority was also a drawback.

The most probable solution lies in ending the war,yet assimilation and rehabilitation may need to come from the Rohingya who have been outcast and are forced to live in inhuman conditions. The fears of Myanmar will also need to be addressed when there are issues that have led to trust erosion. The three-point programme may be a good start but all the stakeholder will have to share the burden, and the diplomacy will not just help the cause.

And armed retaliation will never help finding a solution to contain the Rohingya crisis as suggested by many in the United Nations. Suu Kyi will  have to use her charisma to resolve the right-wing elements of both the communities and show a progressive path at the earliest.



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