What is G20 Summit Protest? Everything You Need to Know


The Anti-capitalist protests against G20 summit in the Hamburg town of Germany converted into violent on Thursday evening after clashes exploded between protesters and cops. The German riot police involved in clashes with a large number of protesters that gathered at the location. The cops were seen drawing normal water cannons on protesters and pepper spray while the masses prolonged to throw bottles and smoke bombs. As per Reuters, at least 75 policemen were wounded during the protests, out of which three were admitted to hospitals for treatment.

The Police told Reuters that at least 13,000 protesters participated in the protest march on Thursday, including around 1000 black-clad and masked anarchists. The protesters having “Welcome to hell” placards, also resorted to destruction as they ruined cars and set vehicles on fire.

Everything you need to know about the protests:

About the protesters

The “Welcome to Hell” protests was organized by Left-wing organizations in Germany. It had been part of the 30 anti-G20 protests authorized in Germany in the past couple of weeks. The anti-capitalist protests from all over Europe gathered to be a part of the protests in Hamburg. Students from various countries like Canada, the US and other countries also participated. With the focus on the climate change before this summit, participants from several environmental organizations also took part in the protests.

The reasons for the protest

G-20 summits, over the time, have been protesting with European residents thinking the international organization has largely didn’t contain and discover solutions to lots of the conditions that threaten world calmness. The protests mainly circle across the concern that the issue of discussion between the nation’s remains mainly centered on “capitalist” agendas of the countries, and will not take quick issues of the public in its purview. “I came here because in general, I’m totally against the G20 summit… It’s the root cause or reason for what’s going wrong in the world. Wars can be bad but capitalism kills,” Nicklas, 21, a student protester in Hamburg told CNN.

A researcher with the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, Julia Kulik, in an article said, “The G20 was founded to make globalization for the benefit of all” however the public no more feels the summit is “for the people”, especially after activities such as big-bank bailouts. Another concern about the yearly summit is the entire transparency of the closed-door meetings between world leaders; Kulik says the press conferences following the summit are flooded with “political jargon”. Some believe that the Summit has often performed in countries with relatively minimal press freedom. As per the reports, some elements of protests on Thursday centered on environmental issues, numerous expressing worries that G20 nations are in charge of approximately 75% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.

A Croatian philosopher, Srećko Horvat, who came up to protest against the G20, wrote an article in the Guardian that “The real problem is the dogmatic slumber of the leaders of the free world, represented at this G20 summit by Merkel, May, and others, which is the origin of our current dystopian nightmare (wars, terrorism, the refugee crisis, and climate change). In this sense, the current G20 is not just a demonstration of disagreement on all fronts, but – after Hamburg – whether the G20 can continue to exist at all”.

How can the violent protests affect German Chancellor Angela Merkel?

Angela Merkel, who’s presently campaigning to be elected as the leader for the consecutive fourth term, had taken a risk by deciding to carry the summit in the northern port of Hamburg. Merkel’s reason behind the summit at the relatively politically effective location was showing that big protests can be tolerated in a wholesome democracy. The violent clashes that exploded on Thursday between protesters and riot police in Hamburg may not work in her favor. The boosts the need for Merkel to get consensus one of the G20 leaders as Summit host, on the divisive issues of climate policy and trade.

With Trump’s position against Paris Climate agreement and his “America First” agenda, the discussions might not exactly decrease in her favor. The finance minister of Indonesia, Sri Mulyani Indrawati, in an interview with Reuters, said, “There is quite a delicate balance that Angela Merkel will have to navigate in a way because it is not clear that being confrontational won’t just create even more of a credibility problem for G20 cooperation.”

What has took place before the other G-20 meetings?

While nearly every G20 meeting witnesses protests, it includes turned violent in few instances. In 2009, situations grew prior to the summit in London, after police charged down on a sit-down protest in the city’s financial area prior to the summit. About 4,000 protestors had gathered at the location. There have been allegations of police viciously on the protesters. Similar moments were also witnesses in Toronto in 2010 prior to the summit. Inside the most significant mass arrest in the history of Canada, approximately 1,000 protestors were detained by the police and sent to detention centers.